Please read Dr. Geller’s article in the Journal of Biomedical Informatics titled, “Concept placement using BERT trained by transforming and summarizing biomedical ontology structure.“
The maintenance process of an ontology includes ontology enrichment, namely, the addition of new concepts into the ontology. The enrichment is divided into two parts. The first part is discovery of new concepts to-be-added. The second part is placement of the new concepts into the proper positions in the ontology. The discovery of new concepts may be initiated by requests of users of the ontology, or by searching literature repositories or knowledge bases. Examples of research regarding the discovery of new concepts have been reported by other authors. The curators of the ontology need to assess whether a concept suggested is proper for addition to the ontology, and if so, to which hierarchy of the ontology it should be added. The name of this concept may be changed to follow the naming conventions of the target hierarchy. To read the full article.
Concept placement using BERT trained by transforming and summarizing biomedical ontology structure. Liu H, Perl Y, Geller J. J Biomed Inform. 2020 Dec;112:103607. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbi.2020.103607 Epub 2020 Oct 22.PMID: 33098987